Vegetables contain lots of genes that have been conserved throughout history, scientists have found.
And we still don’t fully understand how to make plants grow more efficiently.
The finding comes at a time when researchers are looking for new ways to boost crop yields and reduce environmental impacts.
But they’re also trying to figure out how to find new ways of making vegetables healthier.
Vegetables have the genes to be a source of energy, but how do we control what those genes do?
And the best way to do that?
By making them more nutritious.
Scientists have long known that plants produce proteins to help them absorb nutrients.
But that protein also plays a role in regulating other genes, making them easier to activate or inhibit.
That’s one reason we see a number of different types of proteins in plants, says Elizabeth Brown, a plant biochemist at the University of Arizona in Tucson.
“When you put it in the right order, you can control the plant, you control the amount of protein it can produce.”
And those proteins also have other roles in how the plant looks.
For example, the plant’s “secret sauce,” called phytochemicals, can be a powerful way to increase plant growth and yield.
The scientists found that the genes controlling these proteins are not the same as those controlling proteins that have functions in the plant cell.
“We know that the proteins that we’re trying to manipulate don’t work in isolation,” Brown says.
“They’re part of a larger complex that controls a lot more than just the proteins themselves.”
So to find the best proteins to make more of, scientists turned to plant cells, where the genetic material that makes up proteins is much smaller.
And that allowed Brown and her colleagues to use the proteins from a group of bacteria called Bacteroides fragilis to study how they regulate their genes.
It turns out that the bugs have a whole host of genes with different functions.
The bacteria’s genes regulate how proteins are made and what kinds of proteins are found in plants.
In plants, the proteins involved are called proteases.
Brown and colleagues used these proteins to identify new proteins that regulate proteins that make up plant proteins.
By combining the proteins, the researchers could create a protein that regulates the activity of several proteins in different ways.
And they found that some of these proteins were very similar to the proteins in a variety of other plant species, including cabbage, sweet potato, and lettuce.
The researchers also found that these proteins had a common function in the plants, regulating the way they made their protein-like structure.
This finding could help scientists identify new plants with a variety a of proteins, Brown says, including those that may be useful for treating diseases or boosting the immune system.
The next step is to look for genes in plants that control the activity or activity of other proteins, like the ones that make the plant photosynthetic protein.
To do that, the scientists plan to study more of the genes in the Bactroides fragils bacteria, and hope to learn more about how they control other genes.
“This opens the door to looking at how we can make plants more nutritious,” Brown said.